Pretty much what the title says. I’m gonna try and present the etymology for the monsters from World and Iceborne. I will skip a few monsters, as I’m unsure what their etymology is, but any assistance you guys might be able to provide or corrections to any mistakes that I make is greatly appreciated. Special thanks to u/CountofAccount, gaijin hunter and lockstin & gnoggin for some of these.
likely coming from the English word “puke”, in reference to how this monster “pukes” out poison.
Barro (Spanish for “mud”) + behemoth.
Jura (relating to Jurassic) + Ceratodus (a genus of prehistoric lungfish). This might relate to Jyuratodus’ design concept of being a primordial, missing-link, mud fish.
tobi (Japanese for “flying”) + kagachi ( an archaic Japanese word for “snake”).
anjaberu (Japanese loan word originating from the Dutch word Anjelier, both meaning “carnation” or “pink”) + gnáthos (Ancient Greek for “jaw”).
Stylized romanization of the Japanese name for the monster, riorea, which is the Japanese pronunciation of liolea. Liolea comes from leo (Greek word for “lion”) + basileia (the Ancient Greek word for “queen”).
Zora (Slavic word for “dawn”) + magma + darake (Japanese word meaning “covered with”).
Nergal (a Mesopotamian god of war, pestilence, death, and sunsets) + gigante (Spanish for “giant”).
Stylized romanization of the Japanese name reigiena. Reigeina comes from rei (Japanese for “beauty / elegance”) + regia (Spanish for “female ruler”) + gienah (the Italian name for Epsilon Cygni, a star in the swan constellation, Cygnus. This may explain the star patterning on legianas wings. The name gienah itself came from the Arabic word janāḥ, meaning “wing”).
Odoús (Ancient Greek for “tooth” / “fang”) + garō (Japanese for “hungry wolf”). Alternatively, it could come from odious, meaning “hateful” + garou, an archaic French word for “werewolf”.
Stylized romanization of the Japanese name for the monster, rioreus, which is the Japanese pronunciation of lioleus. Lioleus comes from leo (the Greek word for “lion”) + basileus (the Ancient Greek word for “king”).
Di ( Latin prefix for “two”, in reference to its two horns) + diablo (Spanish for “devil”).
The Japanese name for the qilin, a real world mythical East Asian creature that possesses both dragon-like and ungulate characteristics.
Dodo ( Japanese onomatopoeia for an explosion, akin to “boom”) + gama (Japanese for “toad”).
Lava + behemoth. The “si” in the middle of lavasioth’s name is likely done to indicate a relation between it and plesioth.
Basileus (Ancient Greek for “king”, could explain the lion imagery on bazels armor) + Betelgeuse (a red supergiant star in the constellation Orion).
A romanization of the Japanese name for the monster, kusharudaora. This name is itself a stylized anagram of rudorakusha, the Japanese name for rudraksha, dried red seeds used as Hindu prayer beads. Rudraksha themselves are named after Rudra, a Rig Vedic god of wind and storms.
Simplified romanization of the Japanese name for the monster, teo tetsukatora. Teo comes from theós, Ancient Greek word for “god”. Tetsukatora, though, comes from tecuciztecatl, an Aztec deity who set himself ablaze in order to becomes the sun, though he failed in the effort and became the moon instead. It could also come from ástron (Ancient Greek for “star”). Thanks to u/Reshkrom1153 for the correction.
Similar origin as teostra, however, she is based on Nanahuatzin, as her Japanese name, Nana tetsukatori, would suggest. Nanahuatzin also sat himself ablaze to become the sun, however he succeed in the act. It could also come from ástron (Ancient Greek for “star”). Thanks to u/Reshkrom1153 for the correction.
Baal (a Christian demon of hell) + Valhalla (the Norse hall of dead warriors) + hazard.
Xénos (Ancient Greek for “alien” or “foreign”) + jīva (Sanskrit for “soul” or “life force” or “living being”).
Devil + jaw
Kulvert (Swedish word for “tunnel” or “tunnel system”) + Astoreth (a form of Ishtar, an ancient Mesopotamian goddess of fertility and war).
Beorg (old English word for “mountain”) + Ceratodus.
A stylized romanization of the Japanese name for the monster, bafubaro. Bafubaro comes from buffalo + baro (Romani for “big” or “great”).
Barriyy (Arabic for “wild”) + behemoth.
Nāgá (Sanskrit word for “serpent” or “snake demon”; divine serpents from Hindu mythology) + cougar.
Gladio (Latin for “Sword”) + Fervens (Latin for “Burning”) + saûrus (Ancient Greek for “Lizard”; referring to dinosaurs). Thanks to u/Reshkrom1153 for the correction
Tigre (Spanish for “tiger”) + rex (Latin for “king”). Thanks to u/Reshkrom1153 for the correction
Bracchium (Latin for “arm”) + obsidian, likely in reference to its glassy, obsidian like shell.
A romanization of the Japanese name for the monster, Jin'ōga. This name comes from jin (Japanese for “fast” or “swift”) + ogre.
Likely in reference to Garuda, the Hindu king of the birds and mount of Vishnu, the Hindu god of preservation and reality.
A stylized romanization of the Japanese name for the monster, iverukhana. This name comes from yver (french for “winter”) + khan (a mongol title referring to a ruler or leader).
nami (Japanese for “wave” or “tide”) + nielle (French for “extremely dark”; likely in reference to namielle’s theme of being a dragon of the dark, abyssal deep).
Shara (a Sumerian god of war) + Īśvara (Sanskrit for “divine being”; an epithet of Shiva, the Hindu god of destruction).
This comes from Rājan (Sanskrit for “king”), likely in reference to his sheer domineering power.
ṣāfī (Arabic for “pure”) + jīva (Sanskrit for “soul” or “life force” or “living being”).
Ala (Latin word for “wing”) + āter (Latin for “dark”, “dismal”, or possibly “malevolent”) + aiṓn (Ancient Greek for “eternity”; possibly in reference to how ancient alatreon is).
Comes from the latin word fatalis, meaning “fatal”, “lethal”, or “destined”.
Great jagras, Kulu-ya-ku, Tzitzi-ya-ku, Paolumu, Great girros, Radobaan, Uragaan,
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